An Undergraduate Research presented to the PUP College of Architecture & Fine Arts in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Science in Architecture
“An Application of Participatory Environmental Design in an Ancestral Domain”
The Indigenous People of the Philippines has been facing struggle to acquire basic social services in order to survive their last kin. Their introduction to society is a journey of obstacles that unwillingly sacrifice the sacred customs & traditions. In order to protect these ancestral properties, ‘Lumad schools’ are being initiated especially in Mindanao.
Centro Lakbayani is an educational & agricultural complex of an expanded development for cultural concentration – a concept that will allow the indigenous people (IPs) to fully immerse within their community in order to bring back guidelines in building appropriate environment for the Lumad. This aims to hone the IP’s academic, health, & socio-economic needs, which are translated into ‘zones’.
It primarily shelters the ALCADEV Lumad School, one of the pioneers in bringing alternative education to the IPs. It is the destination of elementary children & community adults mostly from the Manobo tribe where sustainable techniques in agriculture will be taught. Academic courses equip them for the future of rural development & collaboration with other sectors of the society. The farmland will serve as a real-life visual aid from the classrooms that overlook it – THIS IS THE ACADEMIC ZONE.
It also offers basic services through the Community Relations Center, wherein the locals can come to acquire necessities in the cooperative store & health clinics. The building hosts the informative galleries of the artisanship & lifestyle of the Lumad, wherein guests who wish to attend immersion programs can explore. It is also the venue for social interactions of the local people & the administration behind the school, in order to improve the quality of services. Not only the physical health of the people are maintained but also the relationships of the school with the community – this is THE HEALTH ZONE.
THE SOCIO ECONOMIC ZONE comprises of the collection of nurseries & plantations within the site. The nurseries teach everyone to be responsible in preparing baby trees for future developments while improving the quality of timber construction. Dendrology suggests that underrated trees for specific purposes be utilized while threatened species be propagated. The farms are the interactive areas where not only the resources for living increases, but also the betterment of the coexistence in the campus.
- TRANSPORT TERMINAL
- SOLAR STADIUM
- COMMUNITY RELATIONS CENTER
- ALCADEV LUMAD SCHOOL
- DORMITORIES FOR STAFF & STUDENTS
- NURSERIES & PLANTATIONS
- ANIMAL FARM
- WATER SHED
- WATER STABILIZATION PONDS
If the Lumad relies on the output of food production for all of their lives, then the output of the built environment must be in PROPORTION with it.
The project took advantage of the natural attributes that lessened the facilities to be built, utilizing soil barriers from the valleys & drainage pit that allows water to reserve itself. The project uses “Water Stabilization Systems” in order to recycle the building’s effluent for fertilizing the agricultural soil, along with the other power harvesters incorporated in the building technology. As environmental advocates, the Lumad relies on the assets of nature as their basic sustenance.
Thus, not only the people should be participatory but also the natural environment. #pupcafathesis2018
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